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Django + celery + redis 执行异步任务及查看结果(推荐)

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其他文档

安装 redis

安装操作 redis 库

pip install redis

(这里说明一下,pip 安装的 redis 仅仅是一个连接到 redis 缓存的一个工具)

安装 celery

pip install celery

安装 Django-celery-results

pip install django-celery-results

配置 settings.py

# 添加 djcelery APP
INSTALLED_APPS = [
    # ...
    'django_celery_results',  # 查看 celery 执行结果
]

# django 缓存
CACHES = {
    "default": {
        "BACKEND": "django_redis.cache.RedisCache",
        "LOCATION": "redis://127.0.0.1:6379/1",
        "OPTIONS": {
            "CLIENT_CLASS": "django_redis.client.DefaultClient",
        }
    }
}


# celery 定时任务
# 注意,celery4 版本后,CELERY_BROKER_URL 改为 BROKER_URL
BROKER_URL = 'redis://127.0.0.1:6379/0'  # Broker 使用 Redis, 使用0数据库(暂时不是很清楚原理)
# CELERYBEAT_SCHEDULER = 'djcelery.schedulers.DatabaseScheduler'  # 定时任务调度器 python manage.py celery beat
CELERYD_MAX_TASKS_PER_CHILD = 3  # 每个 worker 最多执行3个任务就会被销毁,可防止内存泄露
# CELERY_RESULT_BACKEND = 'redis://127.0.0.1:6379/0'  # celery 结果返回,可用于跟踪结果
CELERY_RESULT_BACKEND = 'django-db'  # 使用 database 作为结果存储
CELERY_CACHE_BACKEND = 'django-cache'  # celery 后端缓存

# celery 内容等消息的格式设置
CELERY_ACCEPT_CONTENT = ['application/json', ]
CELERY_TASK_SERIALIZER = 'json'
# CELERY_RESULT_SERIALIZER = 'json'

生成 Django-celery-results 关联表

python manage.py migrate

(joyoo) yinzhuoqundeMacBook-Pro:joyoo yinzhuoqun$ python manage.py migrate
raven.contrib.django.client.DjangoClient: 2019-12-15 21:47:10,426 /Users/yinzhuoqun/.pyenv/joyoo/lib/python3.6/site-packages/raven/base.py [line:213] INFO Raven is not configured (logging is disabled). Please see the documentation for more information.
Operations to perform:
  Apply all migrations: admin, auth, blog, captcha, contenttypes, django_celery_results, djcelery, logger, photo, sessions, sites, user, users
Running migrations:
  Applying django_celery_results.0001_initial... OK
  Applying django_celery_results.0002_add_task_name_args_kwargs... OK
  Applying django_celery_results.0003_auto_20181106_1101... OK
  Applying django_celery_results.0004_auto_20190516_0412... OK
  Applying djcelery.0001_initial... OK

项目根目录添加 celery.py

#!/usr/bin/env python3
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

"""
@author: yinzhuoqun
@site: http://zhuoqun.info/
@email: yin@zhuoqun.info
@time: 2019/12/14 17:21
"""
from __future__ import absolute_import, unicode_literals
from celery import Celery
from django.conf import settings
import os

# 获取当前文件夹名,即为该 Django 的项目名
project_name = os.path.split(os.path.abspath('.'))[-1]
project_settings = '%s.settings' % project_name

# 设置环境变量
os.environ.setdefault('DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE', project_settings)

# 实例化 Celery
app = Celery(project_name)

# 使用 django 的 settings 文件配置 celery
app.config_from_object('django.conf:settings')

# Celery 加载所有注册的应用
app.autodiscover_tasks(lambda: settings.INSTALLED_APPS)

配置项目根目录 __init__.py

from __future__ import absolute_import, unicode_literals

# This will make sure the app is always imported when
# Django starts so that shared_task will use this app.
from .celery import app as celery_app

import pymysql

pymysql.install_as_MySQLdb()

__all__ = ('celery_app',)

app 目录添加 tasks.py

#!/usr/bin/env python3
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

"""
@author: yinzhuoqun
@site: http://zhuoqun.info/
@email: yin@zhuoqun.info
@time: 2019/12/15 12:34 AM
"""

import json
import requests
from celery import task

from django.core.mail import send_mail


@task
def task_send_dd_text(url, msg, atMoblies, atAll="flase"):
    """
    发送钉钉提醒
    :param url:
    :param msg:
    :param atMoblies:
    :param atAll:
    :return:
    """
    body = {
        "msgtype": "text",
        "text": {
            "content": msg
        },
        "at": {
            "atMobiles": atMoblies,
            "isAtAll": atAll
        }


    }
    headers = {'content-type': 'application/json',
               'User-Agent': 'Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Ubuntu; Linux x86_64; rv:22.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/22.0'}
    r = requests.post(url, headers=headers, data=json.dumps(body))
    # print(r.text)


@task
def task_send_mail(*args, **kwargs):
    """
    django 的 发送邮件,支持 html,html_message="html 内容"
    :param args:
    :param kwargs:
    :return:
    """
    send_mail(*args, **kwargs)

views.py 调用

# 假如 url 设置成 test

def test(request):
    # 导入
    from .tasks import task_send_dd_text
    # 执行
    task_send_dd_text.delay(settings.DD_NOTICE_URL, "异步任务调用成功", atMoblies=["18612345678"], atAll="false")
    return HttpResponse("test")

启动 celery worker

# 项目根目录终端执行(joyoo 项目名称)

celery -A joyoo worker -l info

# 守护进程

/root/.virtualenvs/blog/bin/celery multi start w1 -A joyoo -l info --logfile=./celerylog.log

centos7 守护 celery worker

Centos7  使用 Supervisor 守护进程 Celery

访问调用 异步任务 的视图

http://127.0.0.1/test

worker 日志

(joyoo) yinzhuoqundeMacBook-Pro:joyoo yinzhuoqun$ celery -A joyoo worker -l info
raven.contrib.django.client.DjangoClient: 2019-12-15 21:52:03,199 /Users/yinzhuoqun/.pyenv/joyoo/lib/python3.6/site-packages/raven/base.py [line:213] INFO Raven is not configured (logging is disabled). Please see the documentation for more information.
 
 -------------- celery@yinzhuoqundeMacBook-Pro.local v4.3.0 (rhubarb)
---- **** ----- 
--- * ***  * -- Darwin-18.6.0-x86_64-i386-64bit 2019-12-15 21:52:04
-- * - **** --- 
- ** ---------- [config]
- ** ---------- .> app:         joyoo:0x108f19da0
- ** ---------- .> transport:   redis://127.0.0.1:6379/0
- ** ---------- .> results:     
- *** --- * --- .> concurrency: 12 (prefork)
-- ******* ---- .> task events: OFF (enable -E to monitor tasks in this worker)
--- ***** ----- 
 -------------- [queues]
                .> celery           exchange=celery(direct) key=celery
                

[tasks]
  . blog.tasks.task_send_dd_text
  . blog.tasks.task_send_mail

[2019-12-15 21:52:04,882: INFO/MainProcess] Connected to redis://127.0.0.1:6379/0
[2019-12-15 21:52:04,892: INFO/MainProcess] mingle: searching for neighbors
[2019-12-15 21:52:05,915: INFO/MainProcess] mingle: all alone
[2019-12-15 21:52:05,931: WARNING/MainProcess] /Users/yinzhuoqun/.pyenv/joyoo/lib/python3.6/site-packages/celery/fixups/django.py:202: UserWarning: Using settings.DEBUG leads to a memory leak, never use this setting in production environments!
  warnings.warn('Using settings.DEBUG leads to a memory leak, never '
[2019-12-15 21:52:05,931: INFO/MainProcess] celery@yinzhuoqundeMacBook-Pro.local ready.
[2019-12-15 21:57:45,830: INFO/MainProcess] Received task: blog.tasks.task_send_dd_text[c5c98287-f64d-468c-8889-28ee713a7612]  
[2019-12-15 21:57:46,055: INFO/ForkPoolWorker-8] Task blog.tasks.task_send_dd_text[c5c98287-f64d-468c-8889-28ee713a7612] succeeded in 0.22136997600318864s: None
[2019-12-15 23:06:55,806: INFO/MainProcess] Received task: blog.tasks.task_send_dd_text[8511b870-d1b7-4540-bd20-ce1db206e81c]  
[2019-12-15 23:06:56,060: INFO/ForkPoolWorker-9] Task blog.tasks.task_send_dd_text[8511b870-d1b7-4540-bd20-ce1db206e81c] succeeded in 0.25004262900620233s: None

Django 后台查看 celery 异步任务结果

 


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